The Key words that are used in Oracle are :
a) Commit: A transaction is said to be commit when the transaction makes permanent changes resulting from the SQL statements.
b) Rollback : A transaction that retracts any of the changes resulting from SQL statements in Transaction.
c) Save Point : For long transactions that contain many SQL statements, intermediate markers or save points are declared. Save points can be used to divide a transaction into smaller points.
d) Rolling Forward:: Process of applying redo log during recovery is called rolling forward.
e) Cursor: A cursor is a handle (name or a pointer) for the memory
associated with a specific statement. A cursor is basically an area allocated by Oracle for executing the Sql Statement. Oracle uses an implicit cursor statement for Single row query and Uses Explicit cursor for a multi row query.
f) System Global Area (SGA) :: The SGA is a shared memory region allocated by the Oracle that contains Data and control information for one Oracle Instance. It consists of Database Buffer Cache and Redo log Buffer.
g) PGA :: The PGA is a memory buffer that contains data and control information for server process.
g) Database Buffer Cache:: Database Buffer of SGA stores the most recently used blocks of database data. The set of database buffers in an instance is called Database Buffer Cache.
h) Redo log Buffer : Redo log Buffer of SGA stores all the redo log entries.
i) Redo Log Files : Redo log files are set of files that protect altered database data in memory that has not been written to Data Files. They are basically used for backup when a database crashes.
j) Process : A Process is a 'thread of control' or mechanism in Operating System that executes series of steps.